MEASUREMENT OF CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN WATER
A method for the measurement of chloride ion in drinking water, ground water and waste water in samples containing 1 to 1000 ppm chloride. This range may be extended by dilution of an appropriate aliquot.
1 pH/Ion analyzer pH meter with millivolt scale
- detectION 3261 Chloride ion selective electrode
Ionic Strength Adjustment Buffer (ISAB)
Dissolve 15.1g of reagent grade sodium bromide in 800 ml of water. Add 75 ml of concentrated nitric acid (HNO3, sp. gr 1.42) and stir well. Dilute with water to 1 liter. Store ISAB in a polyethylene or glass container.
CAUTION: Sodium bromide is a strong oxidant and should be handled appropriately. Also note that preparation and dilutions of ISAB should be made in a well ventilated area, preferably a hood.
Chloride Stock Solution (1000 ppm)
Dissolve 1.648g sodium chloride (dried for .1 hour at 600°C), in water in a volumetric flask and dilute to 1000 ml.
Reference Electrode Outer Fill Solution
Dilute one volume of ISAB with one volume of distilled water.
Prepare standards of 100, 10 and 1 ppm by serial dilution of the 1000 ppm stock solution. Mix equal volumes of each standard and the ISAB.
Mix equal volumes of sample and ISAB.
Immerse the electrode in each of the standards in increasing concentration steps, rinsing the electrodes with distilled water between standards, and record the mV response of the electrodes. Plot a graph on semi-log paper mV response against standard concentration.
Immerse the electrodes in the sample solution, record the mV response and plot sample concentration from the graph.
This determination may be carried out directly in concentration units by use of the "activity" modes on pH/ion analyzers.
As both standards and sample have been diluted by the same amount the result obtained from the graph is the concentration of the original sample.
There is no interference from up to 500 ppm S=, 1000 ppm Br- or I- a 100:1 excess of CN- over Cl-, or from 1000 ppm NH4+